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    JANE MCCREA--
    MURDERED BY SAVAGE INDIANS ALLIED TO THE BRITISH

    By Lane DeMuro, Lake George, NY.
    [Revolutionary War and Jane McCrea buffs CLICK HERE
    for source information plus webpage comments and corrections.
    ]

    "...an aide~de-camp showed me a fresh scalp-lock which I could not. mistake, because the hair was unusually fine, luxuriant, lustrous, and dark as the wing of a raven."

    Death of Jane McCrea by John Vanderlyn, 1804 CLICK image for full size version.
    Death of Jane McCrea   Painting by John Vanderlyn, 1804
    EZ-Load [Click on Photo For Full Size Image]

    THE YEAR is 1777, in the Town of Fort Edward, New York.  Beautiful young Jane McCrea is planning to meet with her fiancée,  a soldier in "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne's army.  Her day is full of anticipation; the glory of the summer sun shines on her radiant black hair,  and Jane is wearing the dress she plans to be married in later on  that day.  Its a glorious morning on July 27th, 1777. A great day to be young, a great day to be married, a great day to die.

    CLICK image for full size version.
    Poor Jane
    Courtesy Ft. Edward Historical Association, Ft. Edward, NY
    For more information, Call 518-747-9600 or write them at
    P.O. Box 106, Ft. Edward, NY  12828-0106
    The Ft. Edward Historical Association has no affiliation with this page

    FOR JANE, wedding plans are  interrupted  for eternity. In the time it takes an Indian "tommyhawk" to enter Janes skull, the bright morning sun will be gone forever.  Poor Jane is about to meet up with the same murdering savage indians that had butchered a family in nearby Argyle only hours before.  British authority and the promise of British protection mean nothing to the savages, and can do precious little to spare the life of this young girl.

    ACCOUNTS of her murder  vary widely, but the general consensus seems to be that Jane was murdered by Indians allied to the British, and under the control (or lack thereof) of General Burgoyne.  Modern day politically correct Indian apologists would like to portray Jane's murder as an act committed by American  soldiers, accidentally killing her as they fired on the British.  Truth is that it was Indians who killed Jane for nothing more than the thrill of killing the poor young girl, a motive that was far to common in Jane's day.  Her death did rally many to the cause of the Revolution, as the feeling amongst the locals was that British rule could not be trusted to ensure the safety of the land.

    SHE WAS BURIED  buried about three miles south of the Fort Edward, on the banks of Three Mile Creek.  A monument now marks the spot where she was originally buried.  Head south on RT 4 from Fort Edward.  It's on the right side of the road.

    AUTOPSY reports also vary.  Eyewitness accounts however have Jane alive and well one second, and a tomahawk sunk into her skull the next.  Bullet holes in her body were said to be from the Americans  firing on the British, just opposite the present day high school in Ft. Edward.    What really happened though is that Jane was murdered and scalped by Indians.  the bullet holes were an afterthought, designed to throw the blame for her death on American soldiers.  After all, just how do you explain the murder of a British subject by Indians allied to the British, and supposedly under British control?

    TODAY her body rests in at the Union Cemetery in Fort Edward, next to the body of  Duncan Campbell of Inverawe.

    SHAME, SHAME, SHAME, on the Village of Ft. Edward for allowing the monument marking her place of death to deteriorate to the deplorable condition it exists in today.  This heroine of the Revolution deserves better.

    [The above article was written by Mr. Lane DeMuro sometime in the 1990's. See page credits and source information below. MS.]


    [The remaining text is a corrected optical scan of the article "The Jane McCrea Tragedy," William L. Stone, published in The Galaxy (Volume 3, Issue 1, January 1, 1867, pp. 46-52).


    Here is another point of view:
     

    THE JANE MCCREA TRAGEDY. By William L. Stone

    Probably no event, either  ancient or modern warfare, has received so many versions as the killing Miss Jane McCrea, during the revolutionary war  It has been commemorated in story and in song, and narrated in grave histories, in as many different ways as there have been writers upon the subject.  As an accident merely, of the Revolution, accuracy in its relation is not, perhaps, of much moment.  When measured however, by its results, it at once assumes an importance which justifies such an investigation as shall bring out the truth.

    The slaying of Miss McCrea was, to the people of New York, what the battle of Lexington was to the New England colonies.  In each case, the effect was to consolidate the inhabitants more firmly against the invader.  The blood of the unfortunate girl was not shed ill vain.  From every drop, hundreds of   armed yeomen arose; and, as has been justly said, her name was passed as a note of alarm along the banks of the Hudson, and as a rallying cry among the Green mountains of Vermont brought down her hardy sons.  It thus contributed to Burgoyne's defeat, which became a precursor and principal cause of American independence.

    The story, as told by Bancroft, Irving and others is, that as Jane McCrea was on her way from Fort Edward to meet her lover, Lieutenant Jones, at the British camp, under the protection of the Indians, a quarrel arose between the latter as to which should have the promised reward; when one of them, to terminate the dispute, "sunk," as Mr. Bancroft says, "his tomahawk into the skull" of their unfortunate charge.  The correct account, however, of the Jane McCrea Tragedy, gathered from the statement made by Mrs. McNeal to General Burgoyne on the fifth of July, 1777, in the marquee of her cousin, General Fraser, and corroborated by several people well acquainted with Jane McCrea, and by whom it was related to the late Judge Hay, of Saratoga Springs -a veracious and industrious historian   and taken down from their lips, is different from the version given by Mr. Bancroft.

    On the morning of the 27th of July, 1777, Miss. McCrea and Mrs. McNeal were in the latter's house at  & Fort Edward, preparing to set out for Fort Miller for   greater security, as rumors had been rife of Indians in the vicinity.  Their action was the result of a message sent to them early in the morning by General Arnold, who had, at the same time, despatched to their assistance Lieutenant Palmer, with some twenty men, with orders to place their furniture and effects on board a bateau and row the family down to Fort Miller.

    Lieutenant Palmer, having been informed by Mrs. McNeal that nearly all her household goods had been put on board the bateau, remarked that he, with the soldiers, was going up the hill as far as the old blockhouse, for the purpose of reconnoitering, but would not be long absent.  The lieutenant and his party, however, not returning, Mrs. McNeal, and Jane McCrea concluded not to wait longer, but to ride on horseback to CoI. McCrea's ferry, leaving the further lading of the - boat in charge of a black servant.  When the horses however, were brought up to the door, it was found that the side-saddle was missing and a boy was accordingly despatched to the house of a Mr. Gillis for the purpose of borrowing a side-saddle or a pillion.

    His name was Norman Morrison.  It a not known what became of him, though tradition states, that being small and active, he . . . the savages and reached his house in Hartford, Washington County. (Appendix. 305).

    While watching for the boy's return, Mrs. McNeal, heard a discharge of fire arms, and looking out of a window, saw one of Lieutenant Palmer's soldiers running along the military road toward the fort, pursued by several Indians.  The fugitive, seeing Mrs. McNeal, waved his hat as a signal of danger, and passed on; which the Indians perceiving, left off the pursuit, and came toward the house.

    Seeing their intention, Mrs. McNeal, screamed ; "get down cellar for your lives!"  On this, Jane McCrea and the black woman, Eve, with her infant, retreated safely to the cellar, but Mrs. McNeal was caught on the stairs by the Indians, and dragged back by the hair of her head by a powerful savage, who was addressed by his companions, as the " Wyandot Panther."  A search in the cellar was then begun, and the result was the discovery of Jane McCrea, who was brought up from her concealment,' the Wyandot exclaiming upon seeing her.  "My squaw, me find um agin- me keep urn fast now, forever, ugh!"

    By this time the soldiers had arrived at the fort, the alarm drum was beaten, and a party of soldiers started in pursuit.  Alarmed by the noise of the drum - which . . .

    So fatal was this discharge, that out of Lieutenant Palmer's party of twenty men, only eight remained, Palmer himself being killed on the spot.

    Judge Hay was informed by Adarn, after he became a . . . that his mother, Eve, had often described to him how she continued to conceal him and herself in an ash-bin beneath a fire-place; he luckily not awaking to cry while the search was going on around them in the cellar.  This was also confirmed by the late Mrs. Judge Cowen.

    They, in common with  Mrs. McNeal and  Jenny, heard - the indians, after a hurried consultation, hastily lifted the two women upon the horses (which. had been waiting at the door to carry them to Colonel McCrea's ferry), and started off upon a run.  Mrs. McNeal, however, having been placed upon the horse on which there was no saddle, slipped off and was thereupon carried in the arms of a stalwart savage.

    At this point, Mrs. McNeal lost sight of her companion, who, to use the language of Mrs. McNeal, "was there ahead of me, and appeared to be firmly seated on the saddle, and held the rein, while several Indians seemed to guard her - the Yandot still ascending the hill and pulling along by bridle-bit the affrighted horse upon which poor Jenny rode."  The Indians, however, when half way up the hill, were nearly overtaken by the soldiers,~who, at this point, began firing by platoons.  At every discharge the Indians would fall flat with Mrs. McNeal.  By the time the top of the Fort Edward hill had been gained, not an Indian was harmed, and one of them remarked to Mrs. McNeal, "wagh urn no kill - urn shoot too much high for hit." During the firing, two or three of the bullets of the pursuing party hit Miss McCrea with a fatal effect, who, falling from her horse, had her scalp torn off by her guide, the Wyandot   Panther, in revenge for the loss of the reward given by Burgoyne for any white prisoner -a reward considered equal to a barrel of rum.

    Mrs. Mc Neal, however, was carried to Griffith's house, and there kept by the Indians until the next day when she was ransomed and taken to the British camp. "I never saw Jenny afterwards," says Mrs. McNeal, nor anything that appertained to her person until my arrival in  the British  camp, when an aide~de-camp showed me a fresh scalp-lock which I could not. mistake, because the hair was unusually fine, luxuriant, lustrous, and dark as the wing of a raven.  Till that evidence of her death was exhibited, I hoped, almost against hope, that poor Jenny had been either rescued by our pursuers (in whose army her brother, Stephen McCrea, was a surgeon), or brought by our captors to some part of the British encampment."

    While at Griffith's house, Mrs. McNeal endeavored to hire an Indian, named Captain Tommo, to go back and search for her companion, but neither he nor any of the Indians could be prevailed upon to venture even as far back as the brow of the Fort Edward hill to look down it for the " white squaw," as they called Jenny.

    The remains of Miss McCrea were gathered up by those who would have rescued her, and buried~together with those of Lieutenant Palmer - under the supervision of Colonel Morgan Lewis (then deputy quartermaster general), on the bank of the creek, three miles south of Fort Edward, and two miles south of her brother John McCrea's farm, which was across the Hudson, and directly opposite the principal encampment of General Schuyler.

    The only statements which, while disproving Mr. Bancroft's relation, seems to conflict with the above account of the manner of her death, is the one made by Dr. John Bartlett, a surgeon in the American army.  This occurs in his report to the director~general of the hospitals of the Northern department~ dated at Moses creek at head-quarters, at ten o'clock of the night of July 27, 1777, and is as follows:
      I have this moment returned from Fort Edward, where a party of hen-hounds, in conjunction with their brethren, the British troops, fell upon an advanced guard, inhumanly butchered, scalped and stripped four of them, wounded two more, each in the thigh, and four more are missing.

    "Poor Miss Jenny McCrea, and the woman with whom she lived, were taken by the savages, led up the bill to where there was a body of British troops, and there the poor girl was shot to death in cold blood, scalped and left on the ground  and the other woman not yet found.

    "The alarm came to camp at two P.M.  I was at dinner.  I immediately sent off to collect all the {regimental} surgeons, in order to take some one or two of them along with me, but the devil a bit of one was to be found."

    "There is neither amputating instrument, crooked needle  nor tourniquet in all the camp.  I have a handful of lint and two or three bandages, and that is all.  What in the name of wonder I am to do in case of an attack, God only knows.  Without assistance, without instruments, without anything I . . .

    This statement, however, was made, as is apparent on its face, hurriedly, and under great excitement.  A thousand rumors were flying in the air, and there had been no time in which to sift the kernels of truth from the chafe.  The surgeon is flatly contradicted by testimony, both at the time of the occurrence and afterward.  General Burgoyne's famous " Bouquet order" of the lst  of May, and his efforts, by appealing to their fears and love of gain, to prevent any species of cruelty on the part of his savage allies - facts well known to his officers and    men - render it simply impossible to believe the statement  of Surgeon Bartlett, that a "body of British troops" stood calmly by and witnessed the murder of a defenseless maiden - and a maiden, too, between whom and one of their comrades in arms, there was known to be a betrothment.  Leaving, however, probabilities  we have the entirely different and  detailed account of Jenny's companion, Mrs. McNeal, "the woman with whom she lived," and who, as " the woman not yet found," was endeavoring - while the surgeon was penning his account - to prevail upon the Indians to go back and search for Jenny's body, left behind in their hurried flight.

    The entire matter, however, seems to be placed beyond all doubt, not only by the corroborative statement of the Wyandot Panther, when brought into the presence of Burgoyne -to the effect that  it was not he, but the enemy, that had killed her - but by the statement of General Morgan Lewis, afterward governor of New York state.  His account is thus given by the late Judge Hay~in a letter to the writer:
    "Several years after Mrs. Teasse had departed this-to her - eventful life, I conversed (in the hearing of Mr. David Banks, at his law-book store in New York) with Governor Lewis.  Morgan Lewis then stated his distinct recollection that there were three gun-shot wounds upon Miss McCrea's corpse, which, on the day of her death, was, by direction of himself-and, in fact, under his own personal supervision- removed, together with a subaltern's remains, from a hill near Fort Edward to the Three Mile creek, where they were interred. The fact of the bullet wounds - of which I had not before heard, but which was consistent with Mrs. Teasse's statement - was to me ' confirmation strong as proof from Holy writ,' that Jane McCrea had not been killed exclusively by Indians, who would have done that deed either with a tomahawk or scalping-knife, and would not, therefore, be likely (pardon the phrase in this connection) to have wasted their ammunition.  In that opinion Governor Lewis,- an experienced jurist - if not general -familiar with rules of evidence, concurred."

    This opinion of two eminent lawyers, as well as the statement of the Wyandot, receives, moreover, additional confirmation in the fact that when the remains of Jane McCrea, a few years since were disinterred and removed to the old Fort Edward burial ground, and consigned to Mrs. McNeal's grave, Dr. William S. Norton, a respectable and highly intelligent practitioner of physic and surgery, examined her skull, and found no marks whatever of a cut or a gash.

    Miss McCrea's remains have recently again been removed, for the third time to the new Union cemetery, situated half way between Fort Edward and Sandy Hill.  A large slab of white marble has been placed over the spot by Miss McCrea~a niece, Miss Sarah H. Payne. (Appendix. 305).

    This fact, also, strongly confirms the opinion expressed --at the time by General Fraser, at the post- mortem camp investigation, that Jane McCrea was accidentally, or rather unintentionally, killed by American troops pursuing the Indians, and, as General Fraser said he had often witnessed, aiming too high, when the mark was on elevated ground, as bad occurred at Bunker's (Breed's) hill.

    It thus appears, first, that Jane McCrea was accident-ally killed by the Americans, and, secondly, that the American loyalist, David Jones, did not send the Indians, much less the ferocious Wyandot Panther, whom he abhorred and dreaded, on their errand.

    Indeed, the falsity of this latter statement (which, by the way, General Burgoyne never believed) is also susceptible of proof.  The well established fact that Jones had sent Robert Ayers  (father-in- law of Mr. Ransom Cook, now residing at Saratoga Springs, N. Y.), with a letter to Miss Jane McCrea asking her to visit the British encampment and accompany its commander in chief, with his lady guests, on an excursion to Lake George, clearly shows how the charge against Jones had crept into an accusation concerning misconduct and meanness; and the dialogue (also well authenticated) between two of her captors  in relation to the comparative value of a white squaw - estimated at a barrel of rum - and her scalp-lock, accounts perhaps, for the story of the pretended proffered reward (a barrel of rum), alleged to have caused the quarrel among the Indians which resulted in . . .
    Afterwards killed at the battle of Saratoga, Oct. 7th, 1777 . . .
    General John Burgoyne.  Appendix.313

    . . . the supposed catastrophe.  All who had been acquainted with David Jones knew that he was incapable of such conduct, and so expressed themselves at the time.

    The rumor, also, which is slightly confirmed in Burgoyne's letter to General Gates, that Miss McCrea was on her way to an appointed marriage ceremony, originated in Jones's admission that he had intended, on the arrival of his betrothed at Skenesborough (now Whitehall, N. Y.), to solicit her consent to their immediate nuptials- chaplain Brudenell officiating.  But Jones explicitly denied having intimated such a desire, in a letter to Miss McCrea or otherwise,  "Such," he added, '~ was, without reference to my own sense of  propriety, my dear Jenny's sensibility, that the indelicacy of this supposed proposal would, even under our peculiar circumstances, have thwarted it."

    Indeed, this question was often a topic of conversation between General Fraser and his cousin, Mrs. MeNeal, who, with Miss Hunter (afterwards Mrs. Teasse), accompanied him from Fort Edward to Saratoga, and on his death, ii, that battle, returned to Fort Edward, after witnessing the surrender of the British general.  Jones frankly admitted to his friends that in consequence of the proximity of the savages to Fort Edward, he had engaged several chiefs who had been at the Bouquet en campment, to keep an eye upon the fierce Ottawas, and especially upon the bloodthirsty Wyandots, and persuade them not to cross the Hudson  but if they could not be deterred from so doing by intimations of danger from  rebel scouts, his employc  were to watch over the safety of his mother's residence, and also that of Colonel McCrea. For alt which, and in order the better to secure their fidelity, Jores promised a suitable but not specified reward ; meaning thereby such trinkets and weapons as were fitted for Indian traffic, and usually bestowed upon savages, whether in peace or war.

    But partisanship was then extremely bitter, arid eagerly seized the opportunity thus presented of magnifying a slight and false rumor into a veritable fact, which was used most successfully in stirring up the fires of hatred against loyalists in general, and the family of Jones in particular.  The experiences of the last few years afford fresh illustrations of how little of partisan asseveration Is rcliable ; and there is so much of the terrible in civil war which is indisputably true, that it is not difficult, nor does it require habitual credulity, to give currency to falsehood.
    One, who a hundred years hence, should write a history of the late Rebellion, based upon the thousand rumors, newspaper correspondence, statements of radical and fierce politicians on one or another side, would run great risk of making serious misstatements.  The more private documents are brought to light, the more clearly they reveal a similar, though even more intensified state of feeling between the tories and the whigs during the era of the Revolution.  Great caution should therefore be observed, when incorporating in history any accounts as facts, which seem to have been the result of personal hatred or malice.


    PAGE CREDITS & SOURCE INFORMATION.
    Dear Fourpeaks Webpage Visitor,
    This page was created by Lane DeMuro for a wonderful website "lakegeorge-ny" which Mr. DeMuro has taken down because it's too much work (information through private email).
    Your Fourpeaks webmaster liked the page so much, it's now being maintained at 4peaks.com with just a bit of updating and minor corrections.
    However I'm not knowledgeable about the history of the period and much of the text was optically scanned without review from sources unknown to me. The corrections are an ongoing project. History buffs are invited to contribute to this work with email comments and corrections.
    Thank you.
    Martin Schwalbaum, Fourpeaks Webmaster, Jay NY, April 11, 1999.
    Email me!P.S.   Mr. DeMuro said, "I know of no copyright violations for the material presented in this page. If a violation does exist, or if you have comments or information to add, please e-mail me." Mr. DeMuro doesn't want any emails, so please contact me at Martin@4peaks.com.
    P.P.S. The tune, "Amazing Grace" is used here through the coutsey of Taylors Traditional Tune Book, Traditional Scottish Tunes in Midi Format.

    COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS.
    Subject: Town Monument
    Date: Sun, 15 Dec 2002 12:23:54 -0500
    From: "Peter Williams" pwill3@adelphia.net
    To: YourAdirondackGuide@4peaks.com
    Dear Sir:
    In regards to the following comment on your web page detailing the history of Jane McCrea-
    "SHAME, SHAME, SHAME, on the Village of Ft. Edward for allowing the monument marking her place of death to deteriorate to the deplorable condition it exists in today. This heroine of the Revolution deserves better."
    It should be noted that the monument is under the jurisdiction of the TOWN of Fort Edward, not the Village. A correction would be appropriate.
    Peter J. Williams
    Village Trustee
    Fort Edward

    Date: Thu, 11 Mar 2004
    From: Chris Melia cmelia@ix.netcom.com
    Martin,
    I have the proper source reference for your Jane McCrea
    material. It first appeared as "The Jane McCrea Tragedy" in a
    periodical called The Galaxy (Volume 3, Issue 1, January 1,
    1867, pp. 46-52) published in New York between 1866 & 1878. The
    author's name is William L. Stone, who has written several other
    magazine pieces about your part of the world.

    Subject: RE: "The Jane McCrea Tragedy"
    Date: Fri, 12 Mar 2004 08:31:05 -0500
    From: Christopher Melia cmelia@ix.netcom.com
    To: Martin@4peaks.com
    Martin,
    I'm a graduate student doing research on the Revolution in NY State (among
    other things). I happened to be browsing an online list of 19th Century
    Periodicals at the Library of Congress site and performed a search on Jane
    McCrea. Your site has the uncorrected OCR text version of the article's
    images (hence the many unusual breaks and typo-like "errors"). The images
    are available through a link to the Cornell University Library if you wanted
    to compare the original with the version you have.
    Here's the link that will take you to the main Library of Congress page. From there you can poke around if you're interested.
    http://memory.loc.gov
    Hope that helps.
    Best,
    Chris
    Date: Thu, 24 Feb 2005 06:15:34 -0800
    From: John Smith HowDdoD@aol.com
    To: martin@4peaks.com
    About the eleged "Murder" of Jane McCrea by Native
    Americans for the simple rush of the kill is simply insane. You have
    no proof that the Naitve Americans murdered her and you don't know
    their motives if they did. Its people like you who make this country
    a mockery to others and I hope that some day you will see how wrong
    you are.

    Date: 13 Apr 2005 07:47:45 -0700
    From: WarmTears warmtears@gwi.net
    To: martin@4peaks.com
    I am so disturbed by your story of the murder of Jane...
    The evidence of the bullet holes proved she was shot and I would say
    the TRUTH is the tomahawk was the after thought to place the blame on
    the Indians. Your depiction of Indians is deplorable. Friendly fire
    killed people then and it kills people today. Over and over Indians
    were blamed for things they did not do in order to have reason to
    kill them and steal their land. This statement is disgusting "Truth
    is that it was Indians who killed Jane for nothing more than the
    thrill of killing the poor young girl, a motive that was far to
    common in Jane's day."
    The TRUTH IS....Our country was INVADED and the ENEMY was not us....
    It was Indians who saved the lives of colonists over and over. They
    were not SAVAGES as your story promotes.
    I find the inclusion of this story on your website offensive and
    disgusting. I don't expect to get an apology. I am a historian and
    writer and well respected in my state as being an authority on Indian
    history (being an Indian myself, and with an acceptable white Master
    Degree from UCLA) I have done research for 45 years and have found
    many instances where original writings of exploreres and colonists
    totally contradict the preferred stories of "savage Indians."
    I'm sure you won't be surprised that my husband and I will not be
    asking you for any information for our upcoming vacation to the
    Adirondacks... the reason I was on your site to begin with... and I
    will certainly not be consulting with you on area Indian history....

    Date: Sun, 04 Sep 2005 05:57:15 -0700
    From: Brian and Karen Festa East Poultney, Vermont chilepepper@usadatanet.net
    To: martin@4peaks.com
    Thank you for the information on Jane
    McCrae. We noticed the relief depicting Jane McCrae's massacre while
    climbing the Saratoga Monument and sought more information, espcially
    after noticing the many markers along Route 4.
    Do you have a Route 4 Monument Marker "brochure" for the references
    to Jane McCrae?
    BF

    Subject: Saratoga Monument
    Date: Sun, 4 Sep 2005 09:16:51 -0400 (EDT)
    From: "Martin (Your Adirondack Guide)" Martin@4peaks.com
    To: chilepepper@usadatanet.net
    Brian and Karen--
    Thanks for your email about Jane McCrae and the Saratoga
    Monument and the markers along Route 4.
    I've never been to the Saratoga Monument. What's it like?
    What town is it in? I'll check it out when next I head
    downstate.
    No. I don't have a brochure.
    Best wishes,
    Martin

    Subject: Re: Saratoga Monument 2
    Date: Sun, 4 Sep 2005 23:36:51 -0400
    From: "Birdhouse Inn B&B, Brian and Karen Festa " kachina@usadatanet.net
    To: Martin@4peaks.com
    Hi, Martin,
    the Saratoga Monument is in Victory, NY...Schulersville (sp?), just off of
    Rt US 4. A very nice memerial to those who served in this campaign. The views are breath-taking, after 198 steps up the monument!
    Enjoy, and if you have any other information on Jane McCrae, I'd appreicate
    it...I've just become a Jane McCrae "fan"...after seeing her bas-relief
    inside the Saratoga Monument. A wonderful, but sad story...
    Thanks, Brian Festa

    Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2006 21:12:41 -0800
    From: elizabeth Lizzy****@aol.com
    To: martin@4peaks.com
    I was reading your thing on jane McCrea and I am very
    confused. I was always led to believe that jane was scalped in a
    closet inside the jane McCrea house, I live in the next town over
    from fort edward( hudson falls) It says nothing in your story about
    the closet.
    Can you please explain this to me.

    Subject: jane was scalped in a closet
    Date: Wed, 1 Feb 2006 22:47:18 -0500 (EST)
    From: martin@4peaks.com To: Lizzy@aol.com
    Elizabeth--
    The accounts on my webpage are collected from available public
    records.
    Yes. The story is confused. She's dead. But where and by what means
    no one today can tell with certainty. We do know that her death was
    blamed on the Indians under the British and that helped to rally
    the locals to the Revolutionary cause.
    None of the accounts I heard about mention a closet, but only the
    cellar where she may have been hiding.
    Hope this helps.
    Best wishes, Martin

    Subject: Re: jane was scalped in a closet
    Date: Thu, 2 Feb 2006 13:30:58 EST
    From: Lizzy@aol.com
    To: martin@4peaks.com
    see I had never heard about the basement, in my history books in school it was always she
    was scalped in the upstairs closet. I have heard 3 diff storys from 3 diff books though. I guess
    no one will ever really know. Lol, elizabeth

    Date: Mon, 06 Feb 2006 16:00:06 -0800
    From: Tom Graham tom89krista@juno.com
    To: martin@4peaks.com
    I am the Historian for the NH National Guard, and would
    like to use the image (of the painting) "Death of Jane McCrea" in a
    multi-media presentation of the history of the NH Guard.
    Could you please guide me regarding gaining permission to use this
    image in this production?
    Thank you very much. Tom Graham

    Subject: "Death of Jane McCrea"
    Date: Mon, 6 Feb 2006 21:43:59 -0500 (EST)
    From: "Martin (Your Adirondack Guide)" martin@4peaks.com
    To: tom89krista@juno.com
    Tom--
    Thanks for your email.
    I can't really add much more than I have already said on my webpage
    about PAGE CREDITS & SOURCE INFORMATION.
    See http://4peaks.com/fkmcrea.htm#credits
    I will say however (from my HS law studies) any material
    over 50 years is in the public domain unless maybe
    religious icons are protected further.
    There's certainly no difficulty if you use the JPEG from my webpage.
    I hope this helps.
    Best wishes, Martin

    From: Richard Dorrough RichardDorrough@yahoo.com
    Date: Tue, 25 Apr 2006 07:43:28 -0700
    To: martin@4peaks.com
    Mr DeMuro,
    I was wondering if you might have an opinion on this account of Jane
    McCreas death which claims she was murdered by Winnebagos sent by
    Jones to bring her to the British Camp.
    Title: Life of Te-ho-ra-gwa-ne-gen, alias Thomas Williams : : a chief
    of the Caughnawaga tribe of Indians in Canada Principal Author:
    Williams, Eleazer, 1787?-1858. Imprint: Albany, N.Y. : J. Munsell,
    1859. pg 28 -31
    as related to the Rev E Williams at Green Bay a Winnebago Cheif had
    related to him more than once that he had a hand in the murder of
    Jane McCrea

    Subject: she was murdered by Winnebagos
    Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2006 19:15:28 -0400 (EDT)
    From: "Martin (Your Adirondack Guide)" martin@4peaks.com
    To: RichardDorrough@yahoo.com
    Richard--
    Greetings!
    Thanks for your email about concerning my Jane McCrea page at
    http://4peaks.com/fkmcrea.htm
    As I explain on the page I'm not Mr. DeMuro. I took this
    page over from him.
    There are more comments at
    http://4peaks.com/fkmcrea.htm#comments
    and I've taken the liberty of adding yours.
    My own feeling about the events is they're too far back and
    undocumented at the time to be sure about much but there was a war on
    and killings were quite common. Just like today. I also think some
    Indians did it.
    Sorry I can't be any help as to which ones it was.
    Martin

    'The Jane McCrea Tragedy' 3/15/2011 2:52 PM
    To: martin@4peaks.com
    From: Geoffrey A. Hickok       hickok@btc-bci.com
    Your_Message: My 5th Great Grandfather was a Militia Captain Ezra Hickok from Sheffield, Berkshire Co., MA was in the area of Fort Edward during the time of Jane McCrea's murder. In a Revolutionary War Pension deposition of James Baldwin of Egremont, Berkshire Co., MA while under command of Captain Ephraim Fitch, he states "That Sometime in June 1777 the Said James Baldwin was drafted for a three months tour and marches from Said Egremont under the Command of Capt. Ephraim Fitch to Fort Edwards, where we were mustered as this deponent thinks under General Fellows that soon after we arrived at Said Fort he Saw Miss McCrea, who was murdered by the indians..."
    This statement implies that the body was recovered by the Americans and in their care. It also states that she was killed by Indians. In addition to tomahawks, which by the way were a required close-in weapon (knife or tomahawk) to be worn in battle by Americans, Indians also used knives and guns. She was also scalped, and said scalp was in the hands of Indians. It is common knowledge that Indians will kill captives if they are in danger of being overtaken by pursuers in order to make their escape more easy.
    It would be of interest, I think to discover who buried the body, was it the Americans, who recovered it after driving the Indians off and who had it in their hands, or the British?
    Geoffrey A. Hickok
    Registrar/Secretary
    Michigan Sons of the Revolution

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